Dizziness and hearing impairment are most common in diseases of inner ear or damage of brain in vestibular nuclei or cerebellum areas. In addition to sensations of rotation of the body in space or surrounding objects around the patient, there may also be pain in the ear on the affected side, the outflow of fluid or pus from the ear canal, tinnitus, and distorted perception of sound on the affected side. Sometimes dizziness and hearing impairment can occur under the influence of ototoxic antibiotics.
Dizziness and nausea almost always occur together. Patient is disturbed by a feeling of frustration, fatigue, faintness, the eyes get cloudy, there is a “lump” in the throat, sweating, the sense of lack of air. Such attacks are characteristic of any condition or disease that turn out to be the cause of dizziness. Patients often complain that they are sick, dizzy when getting up or going to bed, or feel like being in a state of hangover.
Dizziness and vomiting. If severe dizziness is accompanied by severe nausea, repeated vomiting, headache in the back of the head or in the temporal region, one needs to immediately measure blood pressure and consult doctor. Such conditions can occur with hypertensive crisis or sharp decrease in blood pressure. Persistent daily vomiting, especially in the morning on an empty stomach, alongside with frequent dizziness may indicate a tumor process in the brain. If patient notes frequent dizziness, prolonged and rapidly progressing attacks of true vertigo – this might be the sign of malignant tumour.
Dizziness in osteochondrosis can occur not only in the elderly, but also in young people. The latter is explained by the fact that young people, students, office workers spend most of the day at the computer in the same position, and it directly affects the functions of the cervical vertebrae. Pathological processes in this area lead to muscle spasms and squeezing of vertebral arteries which decreases the blood supply to the brain.
Carotid arteries of elderly people are often affected by atherosclerotic plaques and cannot provide a full flow of blood to the head. Dizziness in osteochondrosis occurs more often in the morning, when a person abruptly gets up, turns the head or changes position in the bed. It can be accompanied by headaches, sleep disorder, attention deficit disorder, absent-mindedness, forgetfulness, frequent mood swings. These are the symptoms of depleted blood flow in the brain.
Weakness and dizziness with normal arterial pressure can indicate chronic fatigue, psychogenic diseases, Meniere’s disease. These symptoms also occur with a decrease in blood glucose levels in people with diabetes, anemia, starvation, vitamin deficiencies in food. In pregnancy, this condition is often observed in an absolutely healthy woman.
Dizziness and neurological symptoms. Loss of sensitivity in the limbs, facial asymmetry, inability to maintain sitting or standing position, speech disorders combined with severe dizziness and/or even loss of consciousness may indicate an impending or already developing acute stroke.
Dizziness and movement coordination disorders occur in tumors of cerebellum. In addition to dizziness, patient suffers from the instability of the gait, tilting to the side during movement or sitting, unnatural position of the head, headache in the back of the head, uncontrolled movement of the eyes (nystagmus), visual and speech disorders.
Dizziness and headache can occur because of fatigue, prolonged work at the computer or watching TV, constant emotional stress, especially combined with a feeling of anxiety. Expressed headache in one half of the head and face with severe dizziness is often observed with migraine. In addition to dizziness and headache, patient is disturbed by photophobia, lacrimation, increased headache caused by sharp sounds, unpleasant odors, impaired visual perception of objects (changes in their shape or color), impaired sensitivity of the skin of the fingers and toes, sensation of tingling or burning in them.